Menstrual Disorder and Associated Factors among Female of Reproductive Age Group in Sunkoshi Rural Municipality, Sindhuli: A Community-based Cross-sectional Study
Keywords:menstruation , menstrual disorder, menstrual hygiene, Reproductive age group
Introduction: A menstrual disorder is an abnormal condition in women’s menstrual cycle. Menstrual disorders may present as abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, and premenstrual syndromes. Within the Himalayan country of Nepal, menstruation is taken into account as taboo, an incident of stigma and sin. The main objective of the study was to assess the menstrual disorders of women of reproductive age group and find out the association between different factors.
Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 272 women. Convenience sampling was adopted for area selection and respondent selection. The study was done in Sindhuli. A semi-structured questionnaire was prepared whereas a face-to-face interview was done for information collection. SPSS software was used for data analysis.
Results: The prevalence of menstrual disorders was found to be 84.2%. The most contributing factors that remained to be statistically significant and independently associated with menstrual disorder were ethnicity (p=0.029), pregnancy history (p=0.032), family type (p=0.028), and junk food (p=0.014).
Conclusions: High prevalence of menstrual disorders among women of reproductive age group was seen. Several other research showed similar results even though there's limited research on menstrual disorders in Nepal, despite having a soaring number of menstrual disorders among women.
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