Prevalence of Overweight and Its Associated Factors Among School Going Adolescents of Butwal, Nepal: A School-based Cross-sectional Study
Keywords:Adolescents, Fast food, Obesity, Overweight
Introduction: Adolescent overweight can cause various health problems and increase adulthood obesity and non-communicable diseases(NCDs). Incidences of non-communicable diseases are preventable, and if prevented at an early stage, it can reduce the risk of health issues later in life. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of overweight and its associated factors among school-going adolescents.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in four randomly selected schools of Butwal, Rupandehi district from December 2021 to March 2022. Descriptive analysis data was calculated in terms of frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation using the Statistical Package for social sciences (SPSS v26).
Results: In this study, the prevalence of overweight was 21.5% (95% CI: 17.9 to 25.1) among adolescent students. Students studying in Government schools, upper socioeconomic class, consuming junk food on a daily basis, and aerated drinks were found to be associated with being overweight.
Conclusions: Understanding the current situation of consistently prevalent rising overweight, should be emphasized and considered a public health concern. Governmental and non-governmental collaboration, public awareness, school-based educational programs, physical activity, and the importance of dietary management can be done before childhood and adolescent overweight turns into an epidemic.
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